Sense of Security - Security Advisory - SOS-12-006

Release Date.              13-Jun-2012
Last Update.               -              
Vendor Notification Date.  12-Mar-2012
Product.                   QNAP
Platform.                  Turbo NAS (verified) and possibly others
Affected versions.         Firmware Version: 3.6.1 Build 0302T and prior
Severity Rating.           High
Impact.                    Exposure of sensitive information
                           Exposure of system information
                           Privilege escalation
                           System access
Attack Vector.             Remote with authentication
Solution Status.           Currently no software update;
                           vendor has elected not to fix at this time
CVE reference.             CVE - not yet assigned

QNAP provide NAS technology solutions to consumers and enterprises.
Multiple vulnerabilities have been identified in the web management 

1. Command Injection:
The QNAP Download Station (QDownload) is vulnerable to command injection 
as the application executes user-controllable data that is processed by 
a shell command interpreter.

The following resources, accessible post authentication are affected:
/cgi-bin/Qdownload/DS_RSS_Option.cgi [keyword parameter]
/cgi-bin/Qdownload/DS_RSS_Option.cgi [title parameter]
Commands are executed with the context of the admin user [uid=0(admin) 
gid=0(administrators] on the QNAP device.

Proof of Concept.

2. Cryptography:
The QNAP login page stores persistent cookies (including the administrator 
username and password) as base64 encoded strings inside the cookie 
parameter nas_p. These cookies are not protected with either the HTTPOnly 
or Secure flags allowing theft via one of the many cross-site scripting 
vulnerabilities which exist within the application (disclosed previously 
by another researcher, but never fixed).

Proof of Concept.
Cookie: qnap_admin_style=default; nas_save_u=1; nas_u=bGFicw==; 
nas_address=; nas_save_p=1; nas_p= YWRtaW5UMG1iJTI0dDBuMw==; 
nas_tree_x=240; nas_tree_y=370
YWRtaW5UMG1iJTI0dDBuMw== decodes to admin123qweasd

No vendor solution.

Discovered by.
Nadeem Salim and Phil Taylor from Sense of Security Labs.

About us.
Sense of Security is a leading provider of information security and 
risk management solutions. Our team has expert skills in assessment
and assurance, strategy and architecture, and deployment through to
ongoing management. We are Australia's premier application penetration 
testing firm and trusted IT security advisor to many of the country's
largest organisations.

Sense of Security Pty Ltd 
Level 8, 66 King St
Sydney NSW 2000

T: +61 (0)2 9290 4444
F: +61 (0)2 9290 4455
Twitter: @ITsecurityAU

The latest version of this advisory can be found at:

Other Sense of Security advisories can be found at:

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QNAP Turbo NAS 3.6.1 Build 0302T Multiple Vulnerabilities

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